The purpose of these guidelines is to provide information on copyright for faculty and staff who wish to place print materials or media on reserve at the Library's Checkout desk. The guidelines are based on copyright law, the American Library Association's "Model Policy Concerning College and University Photocopying for Classroom, Research and Library Use." and common practices of other college and university libraries.
Copyright Permission is needed before putting some materials on reserve and not needed in other cases.
Sometimes it can be difficult to decide whether a particular use is allowable under copyright law. The Copyright Act, Title 17 of the US Code, provides guidelines for fair use of copyrighted materials without having to secure copyright permission. These statutory guidelines consist of four factors that can be used to judge when the use of a copyrighted work is fair use. Below is a very brief description of the four factors.
The four factors are considered together when analyzing whether a use of a copyrighted work is fair use. Interpreting the four factors can be complicated. For more information, see the following:
If copyright permission is needed, LCC employees need to secure that permission before bringing materials to the library to be placed on reserve.
The Copyright Clearance Center is the best place to start for journal, magazine, newspaper and book permissions. It expedites the permissions process online for a small fee. Requests are often processed within 24-48 hours. The CCC suggests submitting requests 4-6 weeks before permission is needed, although many requests are pre-approved and granted automatically.
For information about other ways to obtain copyright permission for a variety of formats, see Getting Permission, from the University of Texas.
For more information, also consult the following book:
In addition, the Library observes the following guidelines, based on common practice at other libraries:
Copyright law and its applications are complex. For more information about copyright law in general, see the following resources:
Material in the public domain does not require copyright permission to be placed on reserve.
U.S. federal government publications and many other (but not all) government documents are in the public domain.
Some copyrighted materials pass into the public domain when their copyrights expire. See Laura Gasaway's chart "When Works Pass into the Public Domain"
For more information on the public domain, see:
The Public Domain: How to Find Copyright-free Writings, Music, Art & More.