Rights & Responsibilities
Educational access is the provision of classroom accommodations, auxiliary aids and services to ensure equal educational opportunities for all students regardless of disability. Creating equal educational opportunities is a collaborative effort between the student, the faculty member and the Office of Disability Support Services (ODSS).
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 protect students with disabilities from discrimination that may occur as a result of misconceptions, attitudinal barriers and/or failure of the institution to provide appropriate accommodations, auxiliary aids or services. Examples of accommodations and auxiliary aids include, but are not limited to: qualified interpreters, note takers, extra time for exams and educational materials in alternate formats (ie: Braille or electronic format).
- Students with disabilities. A
disability includes any physical or mental impairment that
substantially limits a major life activity.
- All faculty. Instructors are assisted
in their responsibility to teach all students in their
classes and to provide equal access to education.
- The Office of Disability Support Services.
This office provides a system for service coordination in
order to better meet student needs.
- Lansing Community College. By providing educational access for all students, the college meets its mandated responsibilities and enhances campus diversity.
Students have the right to:
- Confidentiality: Expect all disability-related
information to be treated confidentially.
Receive appropriate accommodations in a timely manner from faculty or ODSS.
Students should have the opportunity to meet privately with faculty to discuss needed accommodations and address any other concerns.
Please keep in mind that ODSS is the only office designated to review disability documentation and determine eligibility for appropriate accommodations.
- Appeal decisions regarding accommodations and auxiliary aids.
Students have the responsibility for the following:
- Documentation: Provide ODSS with appropriate
documentation of the disability.
- Confidentiality: Attend the instructor's office
hours or make an appointment with the instructor to facilitate
privacy in discussing classroom accommodations.
1. Initiate requests to ODSS for specific accommodations as outlined in ODSS Guidelines.
2. Follow procedures with ODSS and faculty to arrange the appropriate accommodations.
3. Inform ODSS of the materials needed in alternate format according to ODSS Guidelines.
4. Notify faculty/ODSS immediately when accommodations are not provided.
5. Notify ODSS immediately when a decision has been made not to not use e-text.
6. Provide for their own personal independent living needs or other personal disability-related needs.
- Communication: Act as their own advocate. Work with ODSS counselors on developing advocacy skills and communicating specific needs and accommodations to faculty
Faculty have the right to:
- Instructor Memos: Students must communicate their accommodation needs to each instructor by providing an Instructor Memo form.
- This form must be obtained from the Office of Disability Support Services each semester.
Faculty have responsibility for the following:
1. Identify and establish essential functions, abilities, skills and knowledge of their courses and evaluate students on this basis. Students with disabilities should meet the same course expectations as their peers.
2. Act immediately upon receiving a student's request for accommodations by providing the service or by meeting with students individually to discuss accommodation needs.
3. Work to ensure that all audio-visual materials used in class are accessible
(ie: the videos shown are captioned for students with hearing impairments and that the VCR equipment used has captioning capabilities; that videos shown will be made with auditory description in some way or that transcripts will be provided, etc).
- Confidentiality: Treat and protect all disability-related
information as confidential information.
- Communication: Consult with the student with a disability and ODSS in providing appropriate accommodations. PLEASE NOTE - Faculty do NOT have the right to ask students if they have a disability. For those students with documented disabilities, faculty do NOT have the right to ask about the nature of the disability. However, if students choose to disclose their disability, this information should be treated confidentially.
ODSS has the following rights:
- Documentation: Receive the appropriate documentation
from the student prior to initiation of accommodations.
1. Expect students and faculty to work cooperatively with ODSS to facilitate academic accommodations.
2. Deny unreasonable academic accommodations, adjustments, and/or auxiliary services. Accommodations cannot impose undue hardship to or fundamentally alter a program or activity of the college.
3. Deny academic accommodations/services if appropriate documentation has not been provided.
ODSS has the following responsibilities:
- Documentation: Collect, evaluate, and determine
eligibility for services and securely house disability
documentation for students.
1. Treat and protect all disability-related information as confidential information.
2. Meet with students privately in an accessible location to discuss disability related needs.
1. Provide appropriate accommodations in collaboration with the student and the instructor.
2. Provide printed materials in an accessible format once the student submits needed documentation and of a print related disability and submit required paperwork to Reader Services.
- Communication: Communicate procedures clearly to the
student and the faculty.
- Advocacy: Assist students with disabilities in understanding their strengths and functional limitations. Provide them with the skills to become self-advocates.
- Alternative Text -- Print material that has been converted to a format that enables a print-impaired person to read the materials. This includes, but is not limed to: Braille, MP3 Players, electronic text.
- Auxiliary aids -- Services, equipment and procedures that allow students with disabilities access to learning and activities in and out of the classroom. They include, but are not limited to: sign language interpreters, real time captioning, adaptive technology, alternative media, exam accommodations, etc.
- Exam accommodations -- Legally-mandated services that allow students with disabilities to exhibit their knowledge on exams by using auxiliary aids which include, but are not limited to extended time on tests, a reader/scribe, computers, adaptive software, quiet room, etc.
- Instructor Memo -- The form is provided to students with disabilities in an effort to facilitate communication between students and faculty regarding academic accommodation needs.
Adapted from "Fast Facts for Faculty -- Rights and Responsibilities",
The Ohio State University partnership Grant
Disability Support Services
Gannon Bldg, Room 204
Phone: (517) 483-1924
Additional contact information »